Thursday, 24 December 2009

Religion and Science

Some questions answered...
First you have a go at some of these questions...

  1. What is the difference between Young Earth Creationists and Creationists who subscribe to the "Old Earth Theory of origins"?
  2. It seems curious that among Creationists it is the Young Earth view which now prevails. How do you account for the fact that almost half of all Americans, according to the Gallup Poll, believe the Earth is less than 10,000 years old?
  3. Why does Dawkins claim that Emmanuel College ( is "deliberately and wantonly misleading its pupils"? Do you agree with him?
  4. Creationists are disturbed by the notion that people are descended from apes. If you were trying to reassure them that it is entirely possible to believe both that people are "made in the image and likeness of God" and that we are descended from apes, what would you say to them?
  5. What is methodological naturalism?
  6. Why must scientists, by the very nature of what they do, not refer to God, or to any supernatural source, to explain natural phenomena?
  7. Does this mean that scientists cannot believe in God? Explain your answer.
  8. Why does Behe's bacterial flagellum argument not work in term of scientific evidence?
  9. Why do people believe literally in Genesis find Darwinism a threat to their faith?
  10. What is meant by the term "God of the gaps"?
  1. Young Earth Creationists are those who take the Bible literally and discount  scientific evidence whereas Old Earth Creationists take the Bible more metaphorically. For example, they say a "day" in Genesis means a period of time not 24 hours.They can believe in the Creation Story as well accept the fossil records. They say that yes there are scientific laws but God can break them if He wants (through miracles).
  2. As science makes more discoveries the God of the gaps appears to be disappearing and a lot of people are starting to believe there is no God. However, many Christians find this disturbing and have started to take the Bible literally.  So now in America especially the Evangelical areas, almost half of the people believe the Earth is less than 10,00 years old. This belief originates from the Bible.
  3. Dawkins makes that claim because he feels that teaching creationism in  science lessons is deceiving. This is because creationism has no evidence as such (except for the Bible) which proves it and it has not gone through the scientific testing process. Therefore, to teach it as a scientific discipline is incorrect. I agree with this because science works through a process called methodological naturalism ( and this means that science will never face or turn in the direction towards the supernatural. Thus, I conclude that Creationism which points towards the supernatural should not be taught in science lessons; perhaps R.S lessons.
  4. I would say that God can work through science. There is nothing to stop one believing that we have come on Earth through evolution and God was the original trigger of evolution. At the end God was striving to create higher life which is made in his image i.e. us, and this could be done through evolution. 
  5. Methodological is the process by which science works. It looks to the natural world for answers and will never look towards or towards something like the supernatural as its existence cannot be proved or measured. Also, it is not part of the natural world.
  6. Suggesting a supernatural source is a 'scientific dead end', since it is simply not possible to verify by experiment the existence of such a 'supernatural source'.
  7. No, in fact they can but they must not mix up the two disciplines and keep they scientific work away from there personal beliefs in God. It is like having two different hats; you wont wear both of them together at any one given moment you wear them separately - the same way you keep religion and science different.
  8. It is all fine and well saying just look at how intricate this bacterium is but scientists cannot go further than that because how are they supposed to prove that God's hand was behind its complexity. Also, Rusty Entrekin observes that methodological naturalism encourages scientists 'to exclude anything but naturalistic explanation from science'.
  9. It is a threat for them because the Bible says that God created the world in 6 days and humans were created superior to animals. Man was given dominion of the natural world. Now, evolution is suggesting that in fact animals like apes are our ancestors and God didn't create us - it was natural process called natural selection. So slowly all the evidence from the Bible is being disproved with evidence which Christians don't have to respond to these challenges. There Darwinism is threatening their faith.
  10. The term "God of the gaps" means that for everything that science cannot explain i.e. the gaps in science is explained by God. This God is only used to explain what science cannot explain! 

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